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Activated Carbon Regeneration Technology Of Great Significance

With Activated Carbon Increasingly wide range of applications, activated carbon recovery begun to be people’s attention. If not recycling of used activated carbon, in addition to the cost per ton of wastewater treatment will increase from 0.83 to 0.90 yuan, are also on the Environment Secondary pollution. Therefore, the regeneration of activated carbon has extra significance.

1 traditional method of active carbon regeneration

1.1 Thermal regeneration Thermal regeneration is the most widely used, industry is the most sophisticated methods of activated carbon regeneration. After treatment of organic wastewater by activated carbon in the regeneration process, heated to different temperatures according to changes in organic matter, generally divided into dry, high temperature carbonization and activation stages. In the drying stage, and activated carbon to remove volatile components. High-temperature carbonization stage is to make part of organic carbon on the adsorption of boiling, vaporization desorption, part of the organic matter decompose to produce hydrocarbon desorption of small molecules out of the residual elements remain in the activated carbon pores to become “fixed carbon.” At this stage, the temperature will reach 800 ~ 900 C, in order to avoid the oxidation of carbon, generally in vacuum or inert atmosphere. Next, the activation phase, the reactor access to CO2, CO, H2, or water vapor and other gases, to clean up the porous activated carbon, adsorption properties to restore the activation stage is key to the regeneration process. Although renewable heat regeneration efficiency, wide range of application features, but in the regeneration process to be applied Energy Heating, higher investment and operating costs.

1.2 Biological regeneration Biological regeneration is the use of bacteria by the domesticated, analytical activated carbon adsorption of organic matter, and further digested down into H2O and CO2 in the process. Biological regeneration and Sewage Processing biologic method similar, but also aerobic and anaerobic methods divided. As the activated carbon pore size itself is small, some only a few nano-, micro-pores can not enter it, usually that will happen in the regeneration process cell autolysis, and cell to extracellular enzyme flow, while the activated carbon adsorption of the enzyme, Therefore, enzymatic centers of carbon formed on the surface, so as to promote decomposition of pollutants, to achieve the aim of regeneration. Biological method is simple, low investment and operating costs, but the longer time required by water quality and temperature greatly.

1.3 wet oxidation regeneration At high temperature and pressure conditions, the use of oxygen or air as an oxidant, will be in a liquid state, carbon oxidation and decomposition of organic matter on adsorption of small molecules into one method, called wet oxidation regeneration. Regeneration of activated carbon experiments the best conditions are: regeneration temperature of 230 C, regeneration time of 1h, oxygenation pO20.6MPa, increase the amount of carbon 15g, the amount of water 300mL. Regeneration efficiency (45 5)%, after 5 cycles regeneration, the regeneration efficiency decreased by only 3%. The surface of microporous activated carbon is recycled to the oxidation efficiency decline.

Conventional activated carbon regeneration technology in addition to their own shortcomings, the usually have three common defects: (1) loss of activated carbon regeneration process is often relatively large; (2) activated carbon adsorption capacity after regeneration there will be decreased; (3) regeneration exhaust gas generated when the air can cause secondary pollution. Therefore, people, or the traditional renewable technologies to improve or explore new renewable technologies.

Looking To Sell Your Information Technology Company – Avoid Some Common Mistakes

Selling your information technology business is the most important transaction you will ever make. Mistakes in this process can greatly erode your transaction proceeds. Do not spend twenty years of your toil and skill building your business like a pro only to exit like an amateur. Below are ten common mistakes to avoid:

1.Selling because of an unsolicited offer to buy – One of the most common reasons owners tell us they sold their business was they got an offer from a competitor or more often these days, an Indian company looking to buy a customer base in the United States. If you previously were not considering this business sale, you probably have not taken some important personal and business steps to exit on your terms. The business may have some easily correctable issues that could detract from its value. You may not have prepared for an identity and lifestyle to replace the void caused by the separation from your company. If you are prepared, you are more likely to exit on your own terms.

2.Poor books and records – Business owners wear many hats. Sometimes they become so focused on the next version release that they are lax in financial record keeping. A buyer is going to do a comprehensive look into your financial records. If they are done poorly, the buyer loses confidence in what he is buying and his perception of risk increases. If he finds some negative surprises late in the process, the purchase price adjustments can be harsh. The transaction value is often attacked well beyond the economic impact of the surprise. Get a good accountant to do your books.

3.Going it alone – The business owner may be the foremost expert in GUI interfaces, but it is likely that his business sale will be a once in a lifetime occurrence. Mistakes at this juncture have a huge impact. It is especially critical to have a good M&A advisor if you are selling an information technology company because these companies do not fit traditional company valuation metrics. If an owner does not get the right representation and have several qualified buyers that covet his technology, he possibly can leave a lot of money on the table. Selling a technology company is complex. Is it a better deal to structure some of the transaction value as an earn out based on post acquisition sales performance?

Do you understand the difference in after tax proceeds between an asset sale and a stock sale? Your everyday bookkeeper may not, but a tax accountant surely does. Is your business attorney familiar with business sales legal work? Would he advise you properly on Reps and Warranties that will be in the purchase agreement? Your buyer’s team will have this experience. Your team should match that experience of it will cost you way more than their fees.

4.Skeletons in the closet – If your company has any, the due diligence process will surely reveal them. One of the key issues in information technology companies is the clear title to intellectual property. Are your employee agreements well written? If you hired outside programmers, was their agreement specific in ownership of their output? The concern of the buyer is that once it becomes public that the deep pockets company is owner, previous disgruntled employees or contractors may resurface looking to bring legal action.

Before your firm is turned inside out and the buyer spends thousands in this process and before the other interested buyers are put on hold – reveal that problem up-front. We sold a company that had an outstanding CFO. In the first meeting with us, he told us of his company’s under funded pension liability. We were able to bring the appropriate legal and actuarial resources to the table and give the buyer and his advisors plenty of notice to get their arms around the issue. If this had come up late in the process, the buyer might have blown up the deal or attacked transaction value for an amount far in excess of the potential liability.

5.Letting the word out – Confidentiality in the business sale process is crucial. If your competitors find out, they can cause a lot of damage to your customers and prospects. It can be a big drain on employee morale and productivity. What if your head of systems development gets skittish and entertains offers from other companies and leaves while you are selling? The buyer wants your top people and they represent a significant portion of your future transaction value. If word you are for sale gets out, your suppliers and bankers get nervous. Nothing good happens when the work gets out that your company is for sale.

6.Poor Contracts – Here we mean the day-to-day contracts that are in place with employees, customers, contractors, and suppliers. Do your employees have non-competes, for example? If your company has intellectual property, do you have very clear ownership rights defined in your employee and contractor agreements. If not, you could be looking at meaningful escrow holdbacks post closing. Are your customer agreements assignable without consent? If they are not, customers could cancel post transaction. Your buyer will make you pay for this one way or another. If you are tempted to sign that big deal at bargain rates to pump up your business selling price, think again. Locking in a contract at below market rates could actually cause a discount to your selling price.

7.Bad employee behavior – You need to make sure you have agreements in place so that employees cannot hold you hostage on a pending transaction. Key employees are key to transaction value. If you suspect there are issues, you may want to implement stay on bonuses. If you have a bad actor, firing him or her during a transaction could cause issues. You may want to be pre-emptive with your buyer and minimize any damage your employee might cause.

8.No understanding of your company’s value – Business valuations are complex. A good business broker or M & A advisor that has experience in your industry is your best bet. Business valuation firms are great for business valuations for gift and estate tax situations, divorce, etc. They tend to be very conservative and their results could vary significantly from your results from three strategic buyers in a battle to acquire your firm. Where a services business may sell for between 75% and 100% of last years sales, for example, technology companies are all over the map. One of our clients had a coveted piece of software technology and was able to get 8 X last years sales as his purchase price. We certainly could not have and would not have predicted that at the start of the engagement, but what a nice surprise. When it comes to selling your company, let the competitive market provide a value.

9.Getting into an auction of one – This is a silly visual, but imagine a big auction hall at Sotheby’s occupied by an auctioneer and one guy with an auction paddle. “Do I hear $5 million? Anybody $5.5 million?’ The guy is sitting on his paddle. Pretty silly, right? And yet we hear countless stories about a competitor coming in with an unsolicited offer and after a little light negotiating the owner sells. Another common story is the owner tells his banker, lawyer, or accountant that he is considering selling. His well-meaning professional says, “I have another client that is in your business. I will introduce you.” The next thing you know the business is sold. Believe me, these folks are buying you business at a big discount. That’s not silly at all!

10.Giving away value in negotiations and due diligence – When selling your business, your objective is to get the best terms and conditions. I know this is a shocker, but the buyer is trying to pay as little as possible and he is trying to get contractual terms favorable to him. These goals are not compatible with yours. The buyer is going to fight hard on issues like total price, cash at close, earn outs, seller notes, reps and warranties, escrow and holdbacks, post closing adjustments, etc. If you get into a meet in the middle compromise negotiation, before you know it, your Big Mac is a Junior Cheeseburger.

Due diligence has a dual purpose. The first is obviously to insure that the buyer knows exactly what he is paying for. The second is to attack transaction value with adjustments. Of course this happens after their LOI has sent the other bidders away for 30 to 60 days of exclusivity. If you don’t have a good team of advisors, this can get expensive

As my dad used to say, there is no replacement for experience. Another saying is that when a man with money and no experience meets a man with experience, the man with the experience walks away with the money and the man with the money walks away with some experience. Keep this in mind when contemplating the sale of your business. It will likely be your first and only experience. Avoid these mistakes and make that experience a profitable one.

Online Mock Test the Gift of Information Technology

This era of information technology, has brought radical changes into the lives of the people. It has shaped the life in such a way that helps humans to accomplish the work in much smarter and faster way. This age is the age of information, which is considered as the most precious among everything. Persons or the organization having the information will surely have an edge over others.

In today’s world, people are eager to pursue their higher studies in the field of management, which allows them to be proficient in the field of business. This particular branch of study helps people to have expertise in different fields, including the regular subject, inter-personal skills, communication ability, and ability to manage things properly, etc. so it shapes a human being in the complete way with required proficiencies to handle different intricate situation.

When this branch of study is so relevant in today’s business scenario, people are required to have the required skill set, to be eligible to take up the course and enhance it further. That ability is judged by CAT (Common Admission Test), MAT (Management Aptitude Test) and many others. Since these two mode of testing pulls the maximum number of candidate, so we would stick our discussion to these two only.

Previously CAT was a paper-based exam, but now it’s only available online. Since it is a world of technology, so this mode of testing helps the aspirants to be familiar with it right before they are actually taking up the course. This gives a clear cut picture that gone are the days where all the documents are maintained with the hard copy and kept in a file. Today everything is maintained with the help of system. So the decision of IIM body to change the format from paper based to CAT Mock Test is absolutely according to the need of the present scenario.

People generally don’t like to stick to a particular test, because these competitive examinations are most unpredictable, where the results may not turn up to your expectation. So in that case it is always better to try out other available options, people generally go for MAT, conducted by AIMA. Here people have a choice, as it is being conducted in two formats,Online MAT Test and paper based. People can choose according to their convenience.

Since the management education, MBA has the ability to build up your entire future, so the student should take it up seriously. As these two years will set the destiny for coming 35 to 37 years. That is why; their aim should always focus to attain the position on the top of the list, to get a good college which will definitely ensure a better future. But as it is said that nothing comes easy, you will have to work hard to attain that level to surpass the competitors. As nothing can compensate hard work. So before taking up the final MAT exam, they should practice more and more with MAT Sample Papers, which will give a perfect picture of their current position and will also give an idea that how far they will have to improve to revive their dreams.

Shiskahrambh helps you to give online mock test, Mock Test for CMAT and MAT Mock Test. Keep practice on these free services and create a success in MBA entrance exams.

Give Your Technology Career A Jumpstart With IT Certifications

There are many good reasons to pursue IT certifications. People who are looking for a way to get started in the technology field can use entry level certifications to show that they have a base level of knowledge. Those who are already employed in the technology field may seek certification as an avenue to pursue a higher paying position. There is some difference of opinion about which certifications are the most helpful to one’s career.

The choice of certification should involve determining what one’s career goals are. One’s current experience level and skill set also plays a role in choosing which certification to pursue. A person that is seeking an entry level position should seek an entry level certification. Microsoft, Cisco, and CompTIA all offer entry level certifications. The vendor neutral certifications offered by CompTIA have some advantages because they are not tied to one single vendor. The Network+ certification would be an option for those seeking a career in networking. Security skills are sought after by many employers, making the Security+ certification another entry level certification that is beneficial for people entering the technology field.

For people with some experience, Microsoft has some good certifications to choose from. Because most companies use Microsoft products, it is important to have a good understanding of those products. Microsoft has many different certification paths. Programmers, system administrators, desktop support professionals, and help desk analysts all have their own certification tracks. The entry level certification for Microsoft is the Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCST), which is achieved by passing any Microsoft exam. The next higher level of certification is the Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP), which is achieved by passing between three and five exams, depending on the certification track that is chosen.

Security is becoming more important as threats against companies continue to increase. There are several different certifications from different vendors in the security field. The most respected of these is the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP). This certification requires two years of IT security experience as a prerequisite. The certification exam is a challenging exam that requires in-depth knowledge of IT security.

People interested in a career in the networking field should consider certifications by Cisco. The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNS) is Cisco’s entry level certification. It requires passing one exam to become certified. The Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) is the next higher level of certification. It requires passing three exams. The CCNA and CCNP are well respected certifications that many employers require for their networking positions.

One of the more popular certifications for those who are beginning their career in technology is CompTIA’s A+ Certification. It requires passing two exams that cover the basics of computer hardware and operating systems. It provides a strong foundation to build upon with more advanced certifications. It is sought after by many employers because they know that A+ Certified individuals have the skills needed to begin as entry level technicians.

Some people ask why they should get certified at all. In today’s competitive job market, those who have certifications will have an edge over people who do not have certifications. Studying for a certification also increases ones knowledge level for a particular technology. Certification is not a replacement for real world experience. The best way to advance ones career is to combine IT certifications with real world experience on the job.

Gcl States All-star Hr Technology Experts To Headline Hr-xml Consortium’s Annual Meeting

Denver, CO, February 04, 2014 – The HR-XML Consortium, the only global network of HR technology professionals committed to open standards of interoperability, announced a stellar lineup of HR technology analysts to headline its 2014 annual meeting.

The two-day event will be held March 6-7 in Palo Alto, California. Headlining the conference is a keynote analyst panel on Thursday, March 6, moderated by Bill Kutik, technology columnist for Human Resource Executive magazine. The morning panel will include Josh Bersin, Principal and Founder of Bersin by Deloitte; Heidi Spirgi, Senior Vice President of Business Agility Services at Appirio; and John Sumser, CEO of the HRExaminer.

The panelists will discuss the latest HR industry trends and help attendees prepare their organizations for sweeping changes on the horizon.

“I’m so pleased that my 101st panel since 1995 is for HR-XML, a vital organization in the HR technology industry,” said Kutik, a renowned HR technology expert and founder of the long-running HR Technology Conference and Expo. “The knowledge and experience of the panelists guarantee that everyone attending will learn something useful and actionable.”

HR-XML’s annual meeting will also present a variety of sessions that explore either a business aspect or technical aspect of the HR industry.

Topics for the business-focused sessions include:

U.S. Affordable Care Act and Your HRIS

Partnership Essentials: The Principles of Strong Alliances

Case Study: How Your Business can Benefit from HR-XML Integrations

Data Privacy and Security Across Borders

The Millennial Workforce and Mobile Recruiting Technical sessions include:

How to Connect Systems Using JSON and the New HR-XML Lightweight Recruiting Standards

Kick-start Your HR-XML Development Project in .NET, Java, or PHP

Practical Lessons Learned and the Benefits of HR-XML Certification

Case Study: Jobstairs and Direct Employers Implementation

Ask the Experts: Practical Implementation of HR-XML 3.x with BODs For session times, download the complete meeting schedule at http://tinyurl.com/pu22bjj. Details for each session, including presenters and abstracts, are also available for download.

Event sponsors include First Advantage, Insperity, and Milch & Zucker. Sponsorship opportunities are still available; for more information contact Karen Renshaw, operations director, at karen(a)hr-xml.org or 303.671.2776.

About HR-XML

The HR-XML Consortium is the only independent, non-profit, volunteer-led organization dedicated to the development and promotion of a standard suite of specifications to enable e-business and the automation of human resources-related data exchanges. For more information, visit http://www.hr-xml.org.

Media Contact: Kim Bartkus, HR-XML Consortium, Inc. 303-359-0687 kim(a)hr-xml(dot)org

Press Contact:
Kim Bartkus
HR-XML Consortium
Denver, CO
303-359-0687
http://www.hr-xml.org/

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